Traditional notions of masculinity emphasize strength and power and devalue attributes like vulnerability and emotional openness. At a very young age, most boys learn that being successful means becoming dominant, that winning matters most, and that tears are a sign of weakness. But at this time of cultural and economic upheaval, male roles are beginning to shift. In today’s world, when professional and personal achievement depends less on brute force and more on effective relationships, women are outperforming men on many measures. The #MeToo revelations add new pressures to redefine masculinity and appropriate behavior.